Bronchoscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look at an animal’s airway through a thin viewing instrument called a bronchoscope. During a bronchoscopy, your doctor will examine the animal’s throat, larynx, trachea, and lower airways. Bronchoscopy may be done to diagnose problems with the airway, the lungs, or with the lymph nodes in the chest, or to treat problems such as an object or growth in the airway.
Colonoscopy is used to examine an animal’s large intestines (ileocecal valve, cecum, colon and rectum). Colonoscopy is often performed to evaluate patients with weight loss or diarrhea; it may also be used in concert with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for more generalized signs of intestinal disease. Endoscopy can be used to diagnose inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcers, tumors, and fungal infections.
A cystoscope is used to examine the urethra and bladder. In a female animal, it is also used to examine the vaginal area. It is used to further evaluate patients with recurrent or persistent urinary tract infections; kidney, ureteral or bladder stones; urinary incontinence; or bladder masses.
An endoscopy involves examining the inside an animal’s body using an endoscope. An endoscope is a medical device consisting of a long, thin, flexible (or rigid) tube which has a light and a video camera. Images of the inside of the patient's body can be seen on a screen. The whole endoscopy is recorded so that doctors can check it again. Endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic medical procedure. It is used to examine the interior surfaces of an organ or tissue. It can also be used for enabling biopsies and retrieving foreign objects.
Endoscopy is a noninvasive alternative to surgery for foreign object removal from the gastrointestinal tract.